Raw materials: rice husk, straw, herb, film, coconut shell
Advantages: fixed carbon, reproducibile, high volatile, low SO2 emmission, zero CO2 emmision
Raw materials: rice husk, straw, herb, film, coconut shell
Main energy: biomass black carbon, biomass wood vinegar
Biomass gasification power plant: capacity from 200kw to 3000kw, 1kg woody biomass generate 1kw electricity, 1kw woody biomass produce 2-3m3/h syngas, syngas heat value 1100-1500kcal/m3.
Applicable raw materials: a wide range of raw materials, such as straw, wood chips, rice husk, palm shell, bagasse and other agricultural and forestry wastes
particle size: 30-50mm, water content: less than 20%
|Comparison of Grate Furnace Incineration Treatment Technology and Pyrolysis Gasification Treatment Technology|
|Compare Content||Grate Furnace||Pyrolysis Gasifier|
|Incineration Mechanism||The Garbage Is Directly Burned, The Combustion Temperature Is 800~1000°C, The Incineration Mechanism Is General||Using Two-Stage Treatment, The Garbage Is Now Pyrolyzed And Gasified, And Then Small-Molecule Combustible Gas Is Burned. The Combustion Temperature Is 850~1100℃. The Incineration Mechanism Is Advanced.|
|Furnace Structure And Grate Material||The Structure Is Complex And The Shape Is Large; The Grate Works Under High Temperature, And The Requirements For The Grate Material Are High||The Structure Is Relatively Simple And Compact; The Grate Works In A Low Temperature State, And The Requirements For The Grate Material Are Low|
|Types Of Garbage||Dispose Of Domestic Waste||It Can Process Domestic Waste, Industrial Waste, And Hazardous Waste With High Calorific Value (Including Medical Waste)|
|Area (300t/D)||40-50 Acres Higher||30-40 Acres Lower|
|Operating Cost Fly Ash Emissions||Fly Ash Discharges A Lot, Accounting For About 5% Of The Total Garbage||Fly Ash Emission Is Low, Accounting For About 1% Of The Total Garbage, Which Is Environmentally Friendly|
|Acidic Substance And Dust Emission||The Original Value Of Acidic Substances Such As So2 And Nox Is Relatively High; The Dust Emission Concentration Is 6000~8000mg/Nm3||The Original Value Of Acidic Substances Such As So2 And Nox Is Relatively Low: The Dust Emission Concentration Is ≤3000mg/Nm3|
|Plant Environment||It Is Difficult To Control The Environment In The Plant Area. The Incinerator Workshop Has A Certain Amount Of Bottom Ash And Leachate, Noise, And Odor Pollution.||The Factory Environment Is Well Controlled, And The Bottom Ash, Noise, And Odor Pollution In The Workshop Are Low|
13/3/2019 · The palm oil industry is hugely wasteful, with the oil extracted making up as little as ten percent of the total biomass produced – meaning as much as 90 per cent of that biomass is classified as waste. Eliminating palm oil production is likely to be impractical, so making better use of plantations by eliminating the waste while decreasing Indonesia’s reliance on fossils fuels is a win-win
9/2/2022 · The biomass includes oil palm trunk (OPT), oil palm frond (OPF), kernel shell, oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB), oil palm mesocarp fibre (OPMF), and palm oil mill effluent (POME). OPB is classified as lignocellulosic residues that typically contain cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin in their cell wall that can be converted into fine chemicals. These lignocellulosic chemicals have
world’s largest exporter of palm oil. As one of the leading producer and exporters of palm oil products, the palm oil industry in Malaysia collectively generate massive amount of oil palm lignocellulosic biomass waste, with oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) accounting about 16 million tons per year .
The oil palm biomass is nonetheless presently underutilized despite its potential to be con-verted to fuel and other value-added products . The current appli-cations of the oil palm biomass are listed in Table 1. The conversion of oil palm biomass into valuable biofuels can be
11/1/2020 · The objective of this work is to evaluate the potential of oil palm biomass (OPB) in terms of physicochemical properties for producing biofuels via pyrolysis processes. The OPB included oil palm trunk (OPT), oil palm fronds (OPF), oil palm shell (OPS), oil palm roots (OPR), oil palm decanter cake (OPDC), empty fruit bunches (EFB), oil palm fiber (OPFB), and oil palm sewage sludge (OPSS). Their
CHEMICAL CONVERSION. A range of chemical processes used for Biomass to BioFuel Conversion. The produced fuel will be easy to store and transport. It involves chemical interactions to transform Biomass to Liquid fuel. Biomass Biochemical Conversion. This involves the use of enzymes, bacteria and micro-organisms to break down biomass. The various
17/3/2022 · The conversion of palm oil biomass into electricity generation might result in the production of a variety of solid, liquid, and gas biofuels. These energy biofuels are created by combining thermochemical, biochemical, and physical conversion mechanisms (Tan et al., 2015 ).
study is aimed at evaluating the thermal and physical properties of EFB, Shell and Fibre palm oil waste as gasification fuel. This is vital for the design, optimization and operation of biomass gasifiers. Consequently, the heating value (HHV), specific heat (c), combustion rate (C R), combustion heat (Q) of the wastes were determined.
Biomass as energy includes conversion of biomass feedstock into solid biofuel (pellets, briquettes), biomass power plant projects (co-firing, methane capture), liquid biofuel such as diesel and ethanol. Biomass as high value chemicals applies to the development of valuable chemical precursors such as sugar alcohols, ethanol, and lactic acid.
Empty Fruit palm Bunch glucose enzyme + H 2O Hemicelluloses (mono & oligosaccharides) lignin High quality lignin : - S free - Low molecular mass - Solubility in org solvent - High C-O-C linkages - Low C-C linkages Wood panel ~ 100% green material without formaldehyde Biomass Bioenergy 2011 , 35, 4025-4033 J Adhesion Sci Technol 2011 , 25, 1549
16/5/2019 · Conversion by means of thermochemical is the decomposition of organic components in the biomass using heat whereas biochemical conversion utilizes microorganisms or enzymes to convert biomass or waste into useful energy. Conversion by means of thermochemical technology comprises pyrolysis, gasification, liquefaction, and combustion. Biochemical conversion, on the other hand, encompasses three
Biomassis plant matter such as trees, grasses, agricultural crops or other biological material. It can be used as a solid fuel, or converted into liquid or gaseous forms for the production of electric power, heat, chemicals, or fuels. Black Liquoris the lignin-rich by-product of fiber extraction from wood in Kraft (or sulfate) pulping.
T he depletion of fossil fuels and natural raw materials has encouraged the search for new resource materials for the production of bio-based materials (Alekhina et al., 2014). Oil palm biomass (OPB) is classified as lignocellulosic residues comprised mainly of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin in their cell walls (Raveendran et al., 1995). This lignocellulosic material can be converted
1/2/2021 · Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology. Volume 96, Issue 6 p. 1656-1666. Research Article. Cellulose from oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber and its conversion to carboxymethylcellulose. Benyathip Yimlamai, Biotechnology Program, School of Agricult
29/6/2012 · Oil palm frond is the most abundant yet untapped biomass waste in Malaysia. This paper investigates the characteristics of raw oil palm fronds and its ash to evaluate its potential utilization as a biomass fuel for gasification process using single throat downdraft gasifier. The morphological nature, elemental content, proximate and ultimate